US talk Tour November 2010: Ottoman rugs in Transylvania and folk kilims from Romania

On behalf of ACOR (American Conference on Oriental Rugs) Stefano Ionescu was invited for a 3 weeks speaking tour of the major Rug Societies in US: Philadelphia, Washington, New York, Boston, Chicago, Seattle, San Francisco, San Diego, Los Angeles.


Ghiordes Prayer rug, formerly in the Aita collection

Ghiordes prayer rug, West Anatolia, about 1700, 5ft.1in. x 3ft.9in, wool on wool, lazy lines. Light wear, a few scattered areas of old repiling. For its design, colours and proportions this is a great example of that particular type of West Anatolian prayer rugs, dating from the beginning of the 18th century, highly sought after by collectors. RUG SOLD.


CLASSICAL SYRIA, from Damascus to Aleppo and Konya: April, 2010

Greek, Roman, Byzantine, early Christian, Jewish, Armenian and Islamic vestiges in an Eastern Mediterranean country characterised by a variety of cultural influences.


ANTICHITATI ROMÂNIA: Covoarele Otomane de la Bistriţa

La sfârşitul celui de-Al Doilea Război Mondial arhiva, covoarele si alte odoare aflate în Biserica Evanghelică de la Bistriţa au fost luate spre a fi salvate de saşii care s-au refugiat în Germania.


HALI 160, 2009: The Ottoman rugs from Bistriţa

Moves are at last underway to restore to their rightful home more than fifty Ottoman Turkish rugs taken fromTransylvania to Germany late in WorldWar II by the Saxon parishioners of the Lutheran Church in Bistrita, Romania. Since 1952, the rugs have been held in storage, ‘on loan’ to the Germanisches Nationalmuseum in Nuremberg.


Institute of Arab & Islamic Studies, University of Exeter, July 2009

Institute of Arab & Islamic Studies, University of Exeter, 9th July 2009

Merchants, Mercenaries and Missionaries: The Society and Culture of the Medieval Mediterranean, c. 500-1500.


Romanian Academy Award

In December 2008 the volume Antique Ottoman Rugs in Transylvania has been awarded the G. Oprescu Prize of the Romanian Academy in History of Art.  This is the most important award for a book in Romania and also one of the very rare academic awards for a carpet book, worldwide.

Schmutzler: Altorientalische Teppiche in Siebenbürgen

Altorientalische Teppiche in Siebenbürgen. Download the borochure.


Sakip Sabanci Museum: In Praise of God: Anatolian Rugs in Transylvanian Churches, 1500-1750; Istanbul, Istanbul, April to August 2007

Exhibition at the Sakip Sabanci Museum in Emirgan, Istanbul curated by dr. Nazan Olçer and Michael Franses.


Antique Ottoman Rugs in Transylvania – Second edition

A new, revised and expanded edition launched on the occasion of ICOC 2007.
Edited by Stefano Ionescu
Text: Alberto Boralevi, Stefano Ionescu, Andrei Kertesz


Museum für Islamische Kunst: Osmanische Teppiche in Siebenbürgen, Berlin, Oktober 2006 – Januar 2007

This is the first time after the great exhibition of 1914 from Budapest that rugs from the Transylvanian Lutheran Parishes are exhibited abr oad.

23 outstanding Ottoman rugs, from the secont half of the 15th century to the end of the 17th century, from the great Parish collections of Brasov (Kronstadt) and Medias (Mediasch) and from smaller Transylvania Parishes – Bagaciu (Bogeschdorf), Ghimbav (Weidenbach), Halchiu (Heldsdorf), Richis (Reichesdorf), Rupea (Reps), Sânpetru (Petersberg), Valea Viilor (Wurmloch) –, with examples from the Brukenthal Museum in Sibiu were exhibited at the Museum of Islamic Art in Berlin.

Related Links: HALI SBARS

Download the brochure of the exhibition (German)

Download article by Magdi Soos


Accademia di Romania: Tappeti Anatolici dalla Transilvania, Roma, Aprile 2005

Markus Voigt Reports
Download the overview: (English) (Italian)


Transylvanian tours 2004 – Marilyn R. Wolf reports

October 2004: rug-tour to Budapest. See report

Marilyn Wolf writes: Transyvaniacs met again in Budapest under the intrepid guidance of ‘Il Professore’, the ever-scholarly Alberto Boralevi, the indefatigable Stefano Ionescu, and aided by the wonderfully erudite Professor Ferenc Batári. Some 22 Italians and three Americans continued the on the trail of the “Hungarian” Transylvanians during 14 – 17 November 2004.

We were privileged to search the storage of the Applied Arts Museum, where we saw some beautifully conserved and maintained Transylvanians. We saw the breathtaking “Crevelli” on view at the Nagyteteny Castle and marvelled at the Transylvanians on public view at the Hungarian National Museum.

April 2004: rug-tour to Transylvania. See report


HALI 157, 2008: Lost in Transylvania by Judith Glass

HALI 157

Lost in Transylvania by Judith Glass

An amusing account of an eventful tour of Romanian Transylvania, led by Alberto Boralevi and Stefano Ionescu, in search of the the rug collectors’ Holy Grail, seen by the keen eye of  J. Glass, one of the participants.
Download the article.


Weltweit einzigartige Sammlung
Stefan Ionescu hat die Siebenbürger Orientteppiche hervorragend dokumentiert

by Dr. Michael Buddeberg

Download the article.

Antique Ottoman Rugs in Transylvania

A book about the rugs of the Protestant Churches in Transylvania


Erdélyi Oszmán Szônyegek

Budapest, September 2007. The Hungarian version of the book, dedicated to Ferenc Batári, was presented on the second anniversary of his death.

Feri’s vast knowledge of the complex history of the region, including the religious background and the trade with the Ottoman Empire, qualifies him as the greatest expert on ‘Transylvanian’ carpets of the 20th century. As a rug scholar Feri had a life-long experience on Anatolian weaving.

As a consultant to the project, Ferenc Batári has been a major contributor to this work.

In the section In Memoriam Ferenc Batári the editor assembled short articles written by some of the closest friends of Feri: Edmund De Unger, Dr Nazan Ölçer, Dr Beata Biedronska-Slota and Prof Géza Fehérvári .

The complex process of reviewing the translation is due to the efforts of:

Dr. Emese Pásztor, Museum of Applied Arts in Budapest, Andrea Papp from the   History Museum of Transylvania in Cluj, and of rug enthusiast Botond Bilibók, Concorde, Budapest.

The XIth International Conference on Oriental Carpets , Istanbul 2007

The XIth International Conference on Oriental Carpets , Istanbul 2007

Presented by Ali Riza Tuna & Stefano Ionescu

Abstract : This paper is grounded on the information assembled during the preparation of the volume Antique Ottoman Rugs in Transylvania , regarding over 250 examples of the “Transylvanian” group from Romania, Hungary , Germany and also from Turkish museums. The study shows the strong correlation existing in some cases between design and technical features, such as “stitchlike wefts” and weft colour changes, which can be used as “markers” of different groups. Extended statistical data , regarding these features is presented and analysed for the fist time , helping a more accurate attribution of “Transylvanian” group rugs to specific weaving centers from Anatolia.

Download the program of the conference.

GHEREH 42, 2007: Mostra al SSM

Mostra al Museo Sakip Sabanci di Istanbul

In Praise of God: Anatolian Rugs in Transylvanian Churches 1500-1750

Stefano Ionescu

Download the article.

PRAGMATICA, Marzo 2007

PRAGMATICA, marzo 2007


Francesca Amirante

Download the article.

Volkmanntreffen 2006 Berlin: Teppiche aus Siebenbürgen

The Volkmanntreffen Seminar, preceeded by the opening of the exhibition at the Museum für Islamische Kunst, was dedicated to the Transylvanian rug patrimony:

Friday 27 Okt
10:45 Uhr Herr Dr. Jens Kröger, MIK, Berlin
Emil Schmutzler und die Erforschung der osmanischen Teppiche in Siebenbürgen

11:30 Uhr Frau Dr. Angela Völker, MAK, Wien
Siebenbürger Teppiche auf Gemälden des 18. Jahrhunderts

14:00 Uhr Herr Dr. Volkmar Enderlein, Berlin
Persisch-safawidische Musterelemente auf Siebenbürger Teppichen

14:45 Uhr Frau Christine Klose, Karlsruhe
Zusammenhänge zweier früher Teppiche in Siebenbürgen mit timuridischen und turkmenischen Teppichen Download PDF

16:00 Uhr Herr Alberto Boralevi, Florenz
Unusual and Unique Examples of Early Ottoman Rugs in Transylvanian Churches and Museums

16:30 Uhr Herr Dr. Georg Butterweck, Wien
„Lotto“ – Teppiche in Siebenbürgen
Sonntag, 29. Oktober 2006

10:30 Uhr Herr Jürg Rageth, Basel
Des Rätsels Lösung!
Die Entlarvung von Teppichfälschungen mittels chemischer Farbstoffanalyse

11:30 Uhr Herr Stefano Ionescu, Rom
Ottoman Rugs from Transylvania in Western Collections

14:00 Uhr Führung durch die Ausstellung
Osmanische Teppiche des 15. – 18. Jahrhunderts aus sächsischen Gemeinden in Siebenbürgen


ANTICHITAŢI ROMANIA, nr. 17 din 2006

ANTICHITAŢI ROMANIA, nr. 17 din 2006

Covoare Otomane din Transilvania în Colecţii Europene

Stefano Ionescu

Download the article.

HALI 144, 2006: Transylvanian Update

HALI 144, 2006

Transylvanian Update

by Stefano Ionescu

Download the article.

ANTICHITAŢI ROMANIA, nr. 11 din 2005 by Marina Tudor

Antichitati Romania, nr. 11 din 2005

Mirificul univers al covoarelor anatoliene din Transilvania

de Marina Tudor

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DILEMA VECHE: Covoare Fermecate by Teodor Baconsky

Teodor Baconsky

DILEMA VECHE, Anul II, nr. 69, 13-19 mai 2005

Download the Article